Special modes of corrosion under physiological and simulated physiological conditions
The aim of this article is to review those aspects of corrosion behaviour that are most relevant to the clinical application of implant alloys. The special modes of corrosion encountered by implant alloys are presented. The resistance of the different materials against the most typical corrosion modes (pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion and fretting corrosion) is compared, together with observations of metal ion release from different biomaterials. A short section is dedicated to possible galvanic effects in cases when different types of materials are combined in a biomedical device. The different topics covered are introduced from the viewpoint of materials science, and then placed into the context of medicine and clinical experience.
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2008, Pages 468–476