Proteomics analysis of altered cellular metabolism induced by insufficient copper level
•Proteins affected by copper deficiency were identified by proteomics approach.•9 out of 14 subunits of mitochondrial Complex IV were identified and quantified.•Copper deficiency led to decreased levels of all 9 identified Complex IV subunits.•Observed reduction of Complex IV subunits was post-translational and irreversible.•Many of the proteins affected by copper deficiency also displayed time sensitivity.
Insufficient copper level in the mammalian cell culture medium resulted in lactate accumulation while maintaining similar growth and culture viability profiles. Label-free, LC-MS/MS-based shotgun proteomics method was applied to compare the protein expression profiles obtained from the cultures exposed to suboptimal copper level to those provided with sufficient amount of copper. Under copper deficient condition, a substantial reduction of the protein levels of the multiple subunits of Complex IV, also known as cytochrome c oxidase, of the mitochondrial electron transport chain was observed for all three different Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines expressing therapeutic monoclonal antibodies tested. Additional proteins affected by suboptimal copper level included peroxiredoxin (PRDX) and hepatocyte-derived growth factor (HDGF), which were affected during early phase of the fed-batch production, several days prior to initiation of lactate accumulation. In contrast, proteins such as syntenin (SDCBP) and integral membrane 2C (ITM2C) showed altered expression patterns toward the end of culture duration, after lactate divergence had occurred. For all conditions tested, time was the most predominant factor facilitating the direction of global protein expression trend, with substantial number of proteins subjected to time-dependent changes in expression, independent of copper.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 189, 10 November 2014, Pages 15–26