fulltext.study @t Gmail

Structure and mechanical properties of crab exoskeletons

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2317 108 2008 10 PDF Available
Title
Structure and mechanical properties of crab exoskeletons
Abstract

The structure and mechanical properties of the exoskeleton (cuticle) of the sheep crab (Loxorhynchus grandis) were investigated. The crab exoskeleton is a natural composite consisting of highly mineralized chitin–protein fibers arranged in a twisted plywood or Bouligand pattern. There is a high density of pore canal tubules in the direction normal to the surface. These tubules have a dual function: to transport ions and nutrition and to stitch the structure together. Tensile tests in the longitudinal and normal to the surface directions were carried out on wet and dry specimens. Samples tested in the longitudinal direction showed a convex shape and no evidence of permanent deformation prior to failure, whereas samples tested in the normal orientation exhibited a concave shape. The results show that the composite is anisotropic in mechanical properties. Microindentation was performed to measure the hardness through the thickness. It was found that the exocuticle (outer layer) is two times harder than the endocuticle (inner layer). Fracture surfaces after testing were observed using scanning electron microscopy; the fracture mechanism is discussed.

Keywords
Arthropod exoskeletons; Biomineralization; Bouligand structure; Biological composite; Chitin
First Page Preview
Structure and mechanical properties of crab exoskeletons
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2008, Pages 587–596
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us