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Site-saturation mutagenesis of central tyrosine 195 leading to diverse product specificities of an α-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase from Paenibacillus sp. 602-1

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23261 43426 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Site-saturation mutagenesis of central tyrosine 195 leading to diverse product specificities of an α-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase from Paenibacillus sp. 602-1
Abstract

•Site-directed saturation mutagenesis of tyrosine 195 was conducted.•The ability of cyclodextrins (CDs) formation of most mutants was decreased.•The mutant Y195F showed similar characteristics with the wild-type α-CGTase.•The mutant Y195I showed a switch toward the synthesis of both β- and γ-CDs.

Central tyrosine 195 plays an important role in the active site of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) that is highly conservative among various CGTases. However, a detailed functional understanding of this subsite is lacking. In this study, we applied site-directed saturation mutagenesis to investigate the effect of tyrosine 195 on the hydrolytic activity and cyclization specificity of an α-CGTase. A total of 17 mutant CGTases were obtained and heterologously expressed in E. coli. The mutant Y195F α-CGTase showed similar characteristics with wild-type α-CGTase. The other mutant α-CGTases showed considerably lower activity for starch-degradation and cyclodextrin (CD) formation. Interestingly, we found that the main product of mutant Y195R α-CGTase was γ-CDs (50%), not α-CDs (35%). The mutant Y195I α-CGTase drastically altered the CD specificity of α-CGTase, which showed a switch toward the synthesis of both β- and γ-CDs with percentages of 34% and 38%, respectively. Other mutant CGTases retained the α-CD as the main product but with lower percentages than wild-type α-CGTase. Mutant Y195F, Y195I, and Y195R CGTases showed an optimal temperature of 50 °C and pH 6.5. The mutants Y195I and Y195R also showed better thermostability. These findings suggested that aromatic amino acids Tyr or Phe at the 195 position were important for the amylolytic activity and cyclization specificity of α-CGTase. The mutants Y195I CGTase and Y195R CGTase have potential applications for γ-CD production in the future.

Keywords
Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases; Central site Tyr195; Cyclodextrin; Product specificity; Site-directed saturation mutagenesis
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Site-saturation mutagenesis of central tyrosine 195 leading to diverse product specificities of an α-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase from Paenibacillus sp. 602-1
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 170, 20 January 2014, Pages 10–16
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us