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Impact of an N-terminal extension on the stability and activity of the GH11 xylanase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23281 43429 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Impact of an N-terminal extension on the stability and activity of the GH11 xylanase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus
Abstract

•The N-terminus of the GH-11 xylanase from T. xylanilyticus was extended by 17 amino acids.•A catalytically active hybrid enzyme was obtained.•The hybrid enzyme displayed improved catalytic efficiency on wheat arabinoxylan.•Use of wheat straw as substrate revealed modified selectivity of the hybrid enzyme.•N-terminal extension probably modifies a secondary substrate binding site.

To understand structure–function relationships in the N-terminal region of GH11 xylanases, the 17 N-terminal amino acids of the GH11 xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum (Np-Xyn) have been grafted onto the N-terminal extremity of the untypically short GH11 xylanase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus (Tx-Xyn), creating a hybrid enzyme denoted NTfus. The hybrid xylanase displayed properties (pH and temperature optima) similar to those of the parental enzyme, although thermostability was lowered, with the Tm value, being reduced by 5 °C. Kinetic assays using oNP-Xylo-oligosaccharides (DP2 and 3) indicated that the N-extension did not procure more extensive substrate binding, even when further mutagenesis was performed to promote this. However, these experiments confirmed weak subsite −3 for both NTfus and the parental enzyme. The catalytic efficiency of NTfus was shown to be 17% higher than that of the parental enzyme on low viscosity wheat arabinoxylan and trials using milled wheat straw as the substrate revealed that NTfus released more substituted oligosaccharide products (Xyl/Ara = 8.97 ± 0.13 compared to Xyl/Ara = 9.70 ± 0.21 for the parental enzyme), suggesting that the hybrid enzyme possesses wider substrate selectivity. Combining either the parental enzyme or NTfus with the cellulolytic cocktail Accellerase 1500 boosted the impact of the latter on wheat straw, procuring yields of solubilized xylose and glucose of 23 and 24% of theoretical yield, respectively, thus underlining the benefits of added xylanase activity when using this cellulase cocktail. Overall, in view of the results obtained for NTfus, we propose that the N-terminal extension leads to the modification of a putative secondary substrate binding site, a hypothesis that is highly consistent with previous data.

Keywords
BWX, birchwood xylan; Dpl-WS, xylanase-depleted wheat straw; H-bond, hydrogen bond; In-WS, intact (untreated) wheat straw; LVWAX, low viscosity wheat arabinoxylan; Np-Xyn, Neocallimastix patriciarum GH-11 xylanase; oNP-X2, o-nitrophenyl-β-d-xylobioside; o
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Impact of an N-terminal extension on the stability and activity of the GH11 xylanase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 174, 20 March 2014, Pages 64–72
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us