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Selection of reference genes for gene expression studies in virus-infected monocots using quantitative real-time PCR

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23299 43430 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Selection of reference genes for gene expression studies in virus-infected monocots using quantitative real-time PCR
Abstract

•We examined the reference gene stability in five different monocots.•Four kinds of viruses were used to produce biotic stresses in plants.•The most suitable reference genes for accurate normalisation in virus-infected monocot plants were determined by three different software programs.•The suitability of selecting appropriate reference genes was further validated by normalising the expression levels of PR-1 in virus-infected monocots.•The diversity of PR-1 expression pattern mirrors the complexity of gene regulation during virus–plant interaction.

Both genome-wide transcriptomic surveys of the mRNA expression profiles and virus-induced gene silencing-based molecular studies of target gene during virus–plant interaction involve the precise estimation of the transcript abundance. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is the most widely adopted technique for mRNA quantification. In order to obtain reliable quantification of transcripts, identification of the best reference genes forms the basis of the preliminary work. Nevertheless, the stability of internal controls in virus-infected monocots needs to be fully explored. In this work, the suitability of ten housekeeping genes (ACT, EF1α, FBOX, GAPDH, GTPB, PP2A, SAND, TUBβ, UBC18 and UK) for potential use as reference genes in qPCR were investigated in five different monocot plants (Brachypodium, barley, sorghum, wheat and maize) under infection with different viruses including Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV), Brome mosaic virus (BMV), Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) and Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). By using three different algorithms, the most appropriate reference genes or their combinations were identified for different experimental sets and their effectiveness for the normalisation of expression studies were further validated by quantitative analysis of a well-studied PR-1 gene. These results facilitate the selection of desirable reference genes for more accurate gene expression studies in virus-infected monocots.

Keywords
qPCR; Reference gene; Monocots; Viral infection; PR-1
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Selection of reference genes for gene expression studies in virus-infected monocots using quantitative real-time PCR
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 168, Issue 1, 10 October 2013, Pages 7–14
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us