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The effect of transient loading on the performance of a mesophilic anaerobic contact reactor at constant feed strength

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23314 43431 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
The effect of transient loading on the performance of a mesophilic anaerobic contact reactor at constant feed strength
Abstract

Anaerobic contact reactor is a high rate anaerobic process consisting of an agitated reactor and a solids settling tank for recycling. It was proved earlier that this type of reactor design offers highly efficient performance in the conversion of organic matter to biogas. In this study, the effect of transient loading on reactor performance in terms of a number of key intermediates and parameters such as, COD removal, pH and alkalinity change, VFAs, effluent MLSS concentration and biogas efficiency over time was examined. For this purpose, a step increase of organic loading rate from 3.35 kg COD/m3 day to 15.61 kg COD/m3 day was employed. The hydraulic retention time decreased to a value of 8.42 h by an increase in the influent flow-rate during the transient loading. It was observed that the mesophilic anaerobic contact reactor (MACR) was quite resistant to large transient shocks. The reactor recovered back to its baseline performance only in 15 h after the shock loading was stopped. Hence, it can be concluded that this type of reactor design has a high potential in treating food processing wastewaters with varying flow characteristics.

► The anaerobic contact reactor was less affected by shock loading compared to the other anaerobic systems. ► The precipitation tank have damping effects. ► The soluble COD removal efficiency decreased under the stressed conditions. ► The performance of the MACR reached pre-shock-load levels immediately after the OLR was restored to initial values.

Keywords
Mesophilic; Anaerobic contact reactor; Shock loading; Recovery; Stability
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The effect of transient loading on the performance of a mesophilic anaerobic contact reactor at constant feed strength
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 164, Issue 2, March 2013, Pages 232–237
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us