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Magnetic field intensified bi-enzyme system with in situ cofactor regeneration supported by magnetic nanoparticles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23372 43439 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Magnetic field intensified bi-enzyme system with in situ cofactor regeneration supported by magnetic nanoparticles
Abstract

•Multienzyme system (GluDH, GDH and NADH) was immobilized separately on magnetic nanoparticles.•An alternating magnetic field was applied to study its effect of the rate of multienzyme reaction.•Rate of bi-enzyme reaction increased with increasing of intensity of the magnetic field.•Rate of bi-enzyme reaction increased with increasing of the frequency of the magnetic field.

Efficient dynamic interactions among cofactor, enzymes and substrate molecules are of primary importance for multi-step enzymatic reactions with in situ cofactor regeneration. Here we showed for the first time that the above dynamic interactions could be significantly intensified by exerting an external alternating magnetic field on magnetic nanoparticles-supported multi-enzymatic system so that the inter-particle collisions due to Brownian motion of nanoparticles could be improved. To that end, a multienzyme system including glutamate dehydrogenase (GluDH), glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) and cofactor NAD(H) were separately immobilized on silica coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with an average diameter of 105 nm, and the effect of magnetic field strength and frequency on the kinetics of the coupled bi-enzyme reaction was investigated. It was found that at low magnetic field frequency (25 Hz and 100 Hz), increasing magnetic field strength from 9.8 to 161.1 Gs led to only very slight increase in reaction rate of the coupled bi-enzyme reaction expressed by glucose consumption rate. At higher magnetic field of 200 Hz and 500 Hz, reaction rate increased significantly with increase of magnetic field strength. When the magnetic field frequency was kept at 500 Hz, the reaction rate increased from 3.89 μM/min to 8.11 μM/min by increasing magnetic field strength from 1.3 to 14.2 Gs. The immobilized bi-enzyme system also showed good reusability and stability in the magnetic field (500 Hz, 14.2 Gs), that about 46% of original activity could be retained after 33 repeated uses, accounting for totally 34 days continuous operation. These results demonstrated the feasibility in intensifying molecular interactions among magnetic nanoparticle-supported multienzymes by using nano-magnetic stirrer for efficient multi-step transformations.

Keywords
Multienzyme; Magnetic nanoparticles; Cofactor regeneration; Magnetic field; Immobilization
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Magnetic field intensified bi-enzyme system with in situ cofactor regeneration supported by magnetic nanoparticles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 168, Issue 2, 20 October 2013, Pages 212–217
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us