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Rational synthesis of 1,3-diolein by enzymatic esterification

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23690 43463 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Rational synthesis of 1,3-diolein by enzymatic esterification
Abstract

t-Butanol was an excellent reaction medium for enzyme-mediated esterification of oleic acid with glycerol for 1,3-diolein preparation which has been proved by our group. Herein, to achieve the rational synthesis of 1,3-diolien, response surface methodology was applied to examine the effects of the significant variables and their reciprocal effects on the product synthesis. Under the optimal conditions (62.4 °C, 0.75 g Novozym 435, substrate molar ratio (oleic acid/glycerol) 2.4 and 4.8 g t-butanol), the diolein yield of 87.4% could be achieved, and the value of 1,3-diolien/diolein was as high as 87.8%, which were quite close to the predicted values. Compared with the results of our previous single factor experiment, although the values of diolein yield and 1,3-diolien/diolein could not be improved markedly, the enzyme dosage and the reaction medium were spared by 25% and 20%, respectively, which was a remarkable improvement of the enzymatic process.

► The rational synthesis of 1,3-diolien was performed. ► The diolein yield achieved 87.4% and the value of 1,3-diolien/diolein was as high as 87.8%. ► The enzyme dosage and the reaction medium were spared by 25% and 20%, respectively.

Keywords
Rational synthesis; 1,3-Diolein; Esterification; Response surface methodology
First Page Preview
Rational synthesis of 1,3-diolein by enzymatic esterification
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 159, Issues 1–2, 31 May 2012, Pages 44–49
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering