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Quantification of metabolic limitations during recombinant protein production in Escherichia coli

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23717 43467 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Quantification of metabolic limitations during recombinant protein production in Escherichia coli
Abstract

Escherichia coli is one of the major microorganisms for recombinant protein production because it has been best characterized in terms of molecular genetics and physiology, and because of the availability of various expression vectors and strains. The synthesis of proteins is one of the most energy consuming processes in the cell, with the result that cellular energy supply may become critical. Indeed, the so called metabolic burden of recombinant protein synthesis was reported to cause alterations in the operation of the host's central carbon metabolism.To quantify these alterations in E. coli metabolism in dependence of the rate of recombinant protein production, 13C-tracer-based metabolic flux analysis in differently induced cultures was used. To avoid dilution of the 13C-tracer signal by the culture history, the recombinant protein produced was used as a flux probe, i.e., as a read out of intracellular flux distributions. In detail, an increase in the generation rate rising from 36 mmolATP gCDW−1 h−1 for the reference strain to 45 mmolATP gCDW−1 h−1 for the highest yielding strain was observed during batch cultivation. Notably, the flux through the TCA cycle was rather constant at 2.5 ± 0.1 mmol gCDW−1 h−1, hence was independent of the induced strength for gene expression. E. coli compensated for the additional energy demand of recombinant protein synthesis by reducing the biomass formation to almost 60%, resulting in excess NADPH. Speculative, this excess NADPH was converted to NADH via the soluble transhydrogenase and subsequently used for ATP generation in the electron transport chain. In this study, the metabolic burden was quantified by the biomass yield on ATP, which constantly decreased from 11.7 gCDW mmolATP−1 for the reference strain to 4.9 gCDW mmolATP−1 for the highest yielding strain. The insights into the operation of the metabolism of E. coli during recombinant protein production might guide the optimization of microbial hosts and fermentation conditions.

Keywords
MFA; Flux probe; Metabolic network analysis; 13C flux analysis; Recombinant protein production
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Quantification of metabolic limitations during recombinant protein production in Escherichia coli
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 155, Issue 2, 10 September 2011, Pages 178–184
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us