Symbiotic properties and first analyses of the genomic sequence of the fast growing model strain Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 nodulating soybean
Glycine max (soybean) plants can be nodulated by fast-growing rhizobial strains of the genus Sinorhizobium as well as by slow-growing strains clustered in the genus Bradyrhizobium. Fast-growing rhizobia strains with different soybean cultivar specificities have been isolated from Chinese soils and from other geographical regions. Most of these strains have been clustered into the species Sinorhizobium fredii. The S. fredii strain HH103 was isolated from soils of Hubei province, Central China and was first described in 1985. This strain is capable to nodulate American and Asiatic soybean cultivars and many other different legumes and is so far the best studied fast-growing soybean-nodulating strain. Additionally to the chromosome S. fredii HH103 carries five indigenous plasmids. The largest plasmid (pSfrHH103e) harbours genes for the production of diverse surface polysaccharides, such as exopolysaccharides (EPS), lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and capsular polysaccharides (KPS). The second largest plasmid (pSfrHH103d) is a typical symbiotic plasmid (pSym), carrying nodulation and nitrogen fixation genes. The present mini review focuses on symbiotic properties of S. fredii HH103, in particular on nodulation and surface polysaccharides aspects. The model strain S. fredii HH103 was chosen for genomic sequencing, which is currently in progress. First analyses of the draft genome sequence revealed an extensive synteny between the chromosomes of S. fredii HH103 and Rhizobium sp. NGR234.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 155, Issue 1, 20 August 2011, Pages 11–19