fulltext.study @t Gmail

Characterization of E. coli MG1655 and frdA and sdhC mutants at various aerobiosis levels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23763 43471 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Characterization of E. coli MG1655 and frdA and sdhC mutants at various aerobiosis levels
Abstract

Depending on the availability of oxygen, Escherichia coli is able to switch between aerobic respiratory metabolism and anaerobic mixed acid fermentation. An important, yet understudied, metabolic mode is the micro-aerobic metabolism at intermediate oxygen availabilities. The relationship between oxygen input, physiology and gene expression of E. coli MG1655 and two isogenic mutants lacking succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and fumarate reductase (FRD) activities was analyzed at different aerobiosis levels. Growth rate and cell yield were very similar to the parent strain. By-product formation was altered in the sdhC mutant to higher acetic acid and glutamate production in batch cultures. In continuous cultures with defined oxygen input gene expression analysis revealed a dependency of many catabolic genes to aerobiosis. Acetate excretion was still detectable under aerobic conditions in the sdhC mutant; the frdA mutant lacked anaerobic succinate excretion. Anaerobic repression of the sdh operon was diminished in the frdA strain, possibly to allow SDH to partially replace FRD. The experiments illustrate the remarkable adaptability of E. coli physiology—to compensate for the absence of important metabolic genes by altering carbon flux and/or gene expression such that there are only minor changes in growth capability across the aerobiosis range.

Keywords
Succinate dehydrogenase; Fumarate reductase; Micro-aerobic; Gene expression; Aerobiosis
First Page Preview
Characterization of E. coli MG1655 and frdA and sdhC mutants at various aerobiosis levels
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 154, Issue 1, 10 June 2011, Pages 35–45
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us