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Expression of β-1,4-galactosyltransferase and suppression of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase to aid synthesis of complex N-glycans in insect Drosophila S2 cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23831 43476 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Expression of β-1,4-galactosyltransferase and suppression of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase to aid synthesis of complex N-glycans in insect Drosophila S2 cells
Abstract

Previously, we have shown that simple paucimannosidic N-glycan structures in insect Drosophila S2 cells arise mainly because of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (GlcNAcase) action. Thus, in an earlier report, we suppressed GlcNAcase activity and clearly demonstrated that more complex N-glycans with two terminal N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues were then synthesized. In the present work, we investigated the synergistic effects of β-1,4-galactosyltransferase (GalT) expression and GlcNAcase suppression on N-glycan patterns. We found that the N-glycan pattern of human erythropoietin secreted by engineered S2 cells expressing GalT but not GlcNAcase was complete, even in small portion, except for sialylation; the N-glycan structures had two terminal galactose (Gal) residues. When GalT was expressed but GlcNAcase was not inhibited, N-glycan with GlcNAc and Gal at only one branch end was synthesized. Therefore, it will be possible to express a complete functional human glycoprotein in engineered Drosophila S2 cells by suppressing GlcNAcase and co-expressing additional glycosyltransferases of N-glycosylation pathway.

Keywords
Fuc, fucose; FucT, core α(1,6)-fucosyltransferase; Gal, galactose; GalT, β-1,4-galactosyltransferase; GalT, β(1,4)-galactosyltransferase; Glc, glucose; GlcNAc, N-acetylglucosamine; GlcNAcase, β-N-acetylglucosaminidase; GlcNAcT II, β(1,2)-N-acetylglucosami
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Expression of β-1,4-galactosyltransferase and suppression of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase to aid synthesis of complex N-glycans in insect Drosophila S2 cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 153, Issues 3–4, 20 May 2011, Pages 145–152
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us