Deracemization of secondary alcohols by chemo-enzymatic sequence with plant cells
A screening based on undifferentiated plant cells allowed identifying Gardenia jasminoides as the best biocatalyst to perform the kinetic resolution of 1-phenylethanol. This species was further tested for its ability to oxidize stereoselectively the (S)-isomers from racemic mixtures of secondary alcohols leaving their antipodes unaffected in Tris–HCl buffer. Those substrates which afforded the best results in the kinetic resolution were subjected to a chemo-enzymatic sequence of deracemization. G. jasminoides immobilized cells in calcium alginate were used for the oxidation of the (S)-enantiomers and, in a second step, NaBH4 was added to the same vessel for the reduction of the corresponding ketone. The sequential repetition of these two steps allowed obtaining the R-alcohols in 82–90% yield in high optical purity (71–96% ee). Despite the viability of the cells is affected by the chemical reagent, their enzymes remain active due to the protective environment of the calcium alginate beads.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Gardenia jasminoides was used to stereoselectively oxidize secondary alcohols. ► One-pot deracemization via a chemoenzymatic oxidation/reduction sequence. ► Cells immobilized in Ca-alginate allowed protecting the activity of their ADHs. ► The process was optimized for preparative scale.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 160, Issues 3–4, 31 August 2012, Pages 189–194