Generalized semi-refolding methods for purification of the functional death domain superfamily
The death domain (DD) superfamily comprising the death domain (DD) subfamily, the death effector domain (DED) subfamily, the caspase recruitment domain (CARD) subfamily and the pyrin domains (PYD) subfamily is one of the largest classes of protein interaction modules and plays a pivotal role in the apoptosis, inflammation, and immune cell signaling pathways. Despite the biological importance of the death domain superfamily, structural and in vitro biochemical studies have been limited because these domains are prone to aggregate under physiological conditions. Here, we describe a generalized method, termed semi-refolding, that is particularly applicable for purification of the functional death domain superfamily. The recombinant proteins Caspase-1 CARD, AIM2 PYD, NALP3 PYD, and RIP1 DD from inclusion bodies were successfully purified using this method.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 151, Issue 4, 20 February 2011, Pages 335–342