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A bioremediation case of an ex-quarry area restored by paper sludge

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23909 43482 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
A bioremediation case of an ex-quarry area restored by paper sludge
Abstract

Most paper industry waste is in the form of sludge from paper production and recycle process paper. There has been an increasing use of paper sludge in environmental restoration, a practice that requires particular attention.This issue presents a case which demonstrates how the biogas production related to this kind of recovery system can represent a problem for environmental protection and public health.The case history relates to a former quarry area restored by means of paper sludge. After the filling, a substantial quantity of biogas was produced, with an external diffusion to sensible target as well.Initial investigations showed that the area was characterized by a large amount of paper mill sludge made unstable by anaerobic conditions. To date there are no proven technologies for this kind of treatment. In this case, for safety and naturalization as agricultural area, new methods of bioremediation were used and, in particular, an innovative physical, mechanical and biological intervention, based on bio-stabilization of paper mill sludge. The treatment is site-specific, based on the in-site paper sludge biostabilisation. To complete the intervention and in order to demonstrate its validity an important monitoring activity was performed, testing all the phases affected by the biological transformation.

► An incorrect material (paper sludge) recovery procedure was described as a case study with uncontrolled biogas production. ► A methodology to study buried paper sludge behaviour was developed. ► An innovative bioremediation process/technique, conducted by enzyme and tailored compost, was developed. ► The 4 years monitoring results of pilot in situ application of the technology were reported. ► The potential for application of the technique to old unlined landfills was suggested.

Keywords
Paper sludge; Compost bioremediation; Cellulosic enzyme; Organic matter treatment; Ex-quarry restoration
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A bioremediation case of an ex-quarry area restored by paper sludge
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 157, Issue 4, 20 February 2012, Pages 499–504
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us