fulltext.study @t Gmail

The impact of DNA topology on polyplex uptake and transfection efficiency in mammalian cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23961 43485 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
The impact of DNA topology on polyplex uptake and transfection efficiency in mammalian cells
Abstract

The effect of DNA vector topology when complexed to poly-l-lysine (PLL) and its quantification in transfection efficiency has not been fully addressed even though it is thought to be of importance from both production and regulatory viewpoints. This study investigates and quantifies cell uptake followed by transfection efficiency of PLL:DNA complexes (polyplexes) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and their dependence on DNA topology. PLL is known for its ability to condense DNA and serve as an effective gene delivery vehicle. Characterization of PLL conjugated to a 6.9 kb plasmid was carried out. Dual labeling of both the plasmid DNA (pDNA) and PLL enabled quantitative tracking of the complexed as well as dissociated elements, within the cell, and their dependence on DNA topology. Polyplex uptake was quantified by confocal microscopy and image analysis. Supercoiled (SC) pDNA when complexed with PLL, forms a polyplex with a mean diameter of 139.06 nm (±0.84% relative standard error [RSE]), whereas open circular (OC) and linear-pDNA counterparts displayed mean diameters of 305.54 (±3.2% RSE) and 841.5 nm (±7.2% RSE) respectively. Complexes containing SC-pDNA were also more resistant to nuclease attack than its topological counterparts. Confocal microscope images reveal how the PLL and DNA remain bound post transfection. Quantification studies revealed that by 1 h post transfection 61% of SC-pDNA polyplexes were identified to be associated with the nucleus, in comparison to OC- (24.3%) and linear-pDNA polyplexes (3.5%) respectively. SC-pDNA polyplexes displayed the greatest transfection efficiency of 41% which dwarfed that of linear-pDNA polyplexes of 18.6%. Collectively these findings emphasize the importance of pDNA topology when complexed with PLL for gene delivery with the SC-form being a key pre-requisite.

Keywords
CHO cells, Chinese hamster ovary cells; DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid; EtBr, ethidium bromide; linear-pDNA, linear plasmid DNA; OC, open circular; OC-pDNA, open circular plasmid DNA; pDNA, plasmid DNA; PLL, poly-l-lysine; SC, supercoiled; SC-pDNA, supercoile
First Page Preview
The impact of DNA topology on polyplex uptake and transfection efficiency in mammalian cells
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 155, Issue 4, 10 October 2011, Pages 377–386
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us