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Influence of oxygen limitation, absence of the cytochrome bc1 complex and low pH on global gene expression in Gluconobacter oxydans 621H using DNA microarray technology

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23992 43488 2012 14 PDF Available
Title
Influence of oxygen limitation, absence of the cytochrome bc1 complex and low pH on global gene expression in Gluconobacter oxydans 621H using DNA microarray technology
Abstract

The genome-wide transcriptional responses of the strictly aerobic α-proteobacterium Gluconobacter oxydans 621H to oxygen limitation, to the absence of the cytochrome bc1 complex, and to low pH were studied using DNA microarray analyses. Oxygen limitation caused expression changes of 486 genes, representing 20% of the chromosomal genes. Genes with an increased mRNA level included those for terminal oxidases, the cytochrome bc1 complex, transhydrogenase, two alcohol dehydrogenases, heme biosynthesis, PTS proteins, proteins involved in cyclic diGMP synthesis and degradation, two sigma factors, flagella and chemotaxis proteins, several stress proteins, and a putative exporter protein. The downregulated genes comprised those for respiratory dehydrogenases, enzymes of central metabolism, PQQ biosynthesis, outer membrane receptors, Sec proteins, and proteins involved in transcription and translation. A ΔqrcABC mutant of G. oxydans showed a growth defect during cultivation on mannitol at pH 4 under oxygen saturation. Comparison of the transcriptomes of this mutant versus the wild type under these conditions revealed 51 differentially expressed genes. Interestingly, almost all of the 45 genes with increased expression in the ΔqrcABC mutant at pH 4 were also upregulated in the wild type grown at pH 6 under oxygen limitation. These results support an active role of the cytochrome bc1 complex in G. oxydans respiration. The transcriptome comparison of G. oxydans wild type at pH 4 versus pH 6 in mannitol medium under oxygen-saturated conditions uncovered only 72 differentially expressed genes. The 35 upregulated genes included those for cytochrome bd oxidase, major polyol dehydrogenase, iron storage and oxidative stress proteins. Among the 37 downregulated genes were some encoding enzymes dealing with carbon dioxide, such as biotin carboxylase, biotin carboxyl carrier protein, and carboanhydrase. These results give first insights into global transcriptional responses of G. oxydans.

► We analysed genome-wide transcriptional responses of Gluconobacter oxydans 621H using DNA microarrays. ► Oxygen limitation caused upregulation of 215 genes, including those for terminal oxidases, the cytochrome bc1 complex and transhydrogenase. ► Evidence for an active role of the cytochrome bc1 complex in G. oxydans respiration was obtained by analysis of a ΔqcrABC mutant. ► The differences in gene expression at pH 4 versus pH 6 of G. oxydans wild type were lower than expected.

Keywords
Acetic acid bacterium; Cytochrome bc1 complex; Genome-wide transcription profiling; Oxygen supply; pH of medium
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Influence of oxygen limitation, absence of the cytochrome bc1 complex and low pH on global gene expression in Gluconobacter oxydans 621H using DNA microarray technology
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 157, Issue 3, 10 February 2012, Pages 359–372
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us