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Production and NMR analysis of the human ibuprofen metabolite 3-hydroxyibuprofen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
23999 43488 2012 4 PDF Available
Title
Production and NMR analysis of the human ibuprofen metabolite 3-hydroxyibuprofen
Abstract

The anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen (Ibu) is metabolized in the human liver to a number of metabolites including 1-hydroxyibuprofen (1-OH-Ibu), 2-OH-Ibu, and 3-OH-Ibu, respectively. The only human CYP known to produce relevant amounts of 3-OH-Ibu is CYP2C9 and as genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C9 influence the metabolization of numerous drugs, the availability of reference standards for CYP2C9-specific metabolites is of considerable interest. The aim of this study was to develop a biological production process for 3-OH-Ibu and to affirm its NMR characteristics. The recombinant fission yeast strain CAD68 coexpressing human CYP2C9 and CPR was used for the whole-cell biotransformation of Ibu to 3-OH-Ibu in 1 L batch-scale for 75 h. The average space-time yield for the bioproduction of 3-OH-Ibu (125 ± 34 μmol/L d) considerably exceeded that of 2-OH-Ibu (44 ± 10 μmol/L d). Accordingly, average biotransformation activities normalized to dry biomass weight were 5.0 ± 0.8 μmol/g d (3-OH-Ibu) and 1.9 ± 0.7 μmol/g d (2-OH-Ibu). The metabolite was prepurified on preparative TLC-plates, isolated by HPLC fractionation, and characterized by LC–MS and NMR. As expected, differential fragmentation patterns of 2-OH-Ibu and 3-OH-Ibu were detected in ESI-LC–MS analysis. 44 mg of 3-OH-Ibu was efficiently purified from four 1 L batch cultures and its structure was clearly confirmed by one- and two-dimensional NMR.

► We demonstrate the biological production of the CYP2C9 metabolite 3-hydroxyibuprofen. ► We resolve the dispute about the NMR-structure of 3-hydroxyibuprofen. ► 3-Hydroxyibuprofen could be used for the convenient detection of CYP2C9 polymorphisms.

Keywords
Biocatalysis; Cytochrome P450 2C9; 3-Hydroxyibuprofen; Recombinant fission yeast; Whole-cell biotransformation
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Production and NMR analysis of the human ibuprofen metabolite 3-hydroxyibuprofen
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 157, Issue 3, 10 February 2012, Pages 417–420
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us