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Continuous production of ethanol from hexoses and pentoses using immobilized mixed cultures of Escherichia coli strains

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24005 43489 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Continuous production of ethanol from hexoses and pentoses using immobilized mixed cultures of Escherichia coli strains
Abstract

We have developed highly efficient ethanologenic Escherichia coli strains that selectively consume pentoses and/or hexoses. Mixed cultures of these strains can be used to selectively adjust the sugar utilization kinetics in ethanol fermentations. Based on the kinetics of sugar utilization, we have designed and implemented an immobilized cell system for the optimized continuous conversion of sugars into ethanol. The results confirm that immobilized mixed cultures support a simultaneous conversion of hexoses and pentoses into ethanol at high yield and at a faster rate than immobilized homogenous cells. Continuous ethanol production has been maintained for several weeks at high productivity with near complete sugar utilization. The control of sugar utilization using immobilized mixed cultures can be adapted to any composition of hexoses and pentoses by adjusting the strain distribution of immobilized cells. The approach, therefore, holds promise for ethanol fermentation from lignocellulosic hydrolysates where the feedstock varies in sugar composition.

Keywords
Immobilized E. coli cells; Continuous ethanol fermentation; Co-utilization of hexoses and pentoses
First Page Preview
Continuous production of ethanol from hexoses and pentoses using immobilized mixed cultures of Escherichia coli strains
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 150, Issue 2, 15 October 2010, Pages 215–223
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering