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Real-time on-line flow cytometry for bioprocess monitoring

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24021 43490 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Real-time on-line flow cytometry for bioprocess monitoring
Abstract

As the understanding of variation is the key to a good process and product quality one should pay attention to dynamics on the single-cell level. The basic idea of this approach was to qualify and quantify variations on the single-cell level during bioreactor cultivations by monitoring the expression of an eGFP tagged target protein (human membrane protein) using fully automated real-time, flow injection flow cytometry (FI-FCM). The FI-FCM system consists of a sampling- and defoaming- as well as of a dilution-section. It allows a very short monitoring interval (5 min) and is able to dilute the reactor sample by a factor ranging up to more than 10,000.In bioreactor cultivations of recombinant Pichia pastoris expressing the eGFP tagged target protein, high correlations (R2 ≥ 0.97) between the FI-FCM fluorescent signal and other, however, population-averaged fluorescence signals (off-line fluorescence, in situ fluorescence probe) were obtained. FI-FCM is the only method able to distinguish between few cells with high fluorescence and many cells with low fluorescence intensity and proved that cells differ significantly from each other within the population during bioreactor cultivations. Single-cell fluorescence was distributed over a broad range within the cell population. These distributions strongly suggest that (a) the AOX-I promoter is leaky and (b) a fraction of the population is able to express more protein of interest within shorter time and (c) a fraction of the population does not express the fusion protein at all. These findings can help in the selection of high producing, stable strains. To show the platform-independency of the system, it has successfully been tested during bioreactor cultivations of three different strains (P. pastoris, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Escherichia coli).Along with its applications in PAT, the FI-FCM could be used as a platform-independent (prokaryotes and eukaryotes) method in various other applications; for example in the closed-loop-control of bioprocesses using different kinds of fluorescent reporters, (waste- and drinking-) water analysis, clone selection in combination with FACS or even for surgery applications.

Keywords
Process analytical technology (PAT); Bioprocess monitoring; eGFP; Flow-injection; Flow cytometry
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 154, Issue 4, 20 July 2011, Pages 240–247
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us