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Levansucrases from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato and P. chlororaphis subsp. aurantiaca: Substrate specificity, polymerizing properties and usage of different acceptors for fructosylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24069 43493 2011 12 PDF Available
Title
Levansucrases from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato and P. chlororaphis subsp. aurantiaca: Substrate specificity, polymerizing properties and usage of different acceptors for fructosylation
Abstract

Levansucrases of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (Lsc3) and Pseudomonas chlororaphis subsp. aurantiaca (also Pseudomonas aurantiaca) (LscA) have 73% identity of protein sequences, similar substrate specificity and kinetic properties. Both enzymes produce levan and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) of varied length from sucrose, raffinose and sugar beet molasses. A novel high-throughput chip-based nanoelectrospray mass spectrometric method was applied to screen alternative fructosyl acceptors for levansucrases. Lsc3 and LscA could both transfructosylate d-xylose, d-fucose, l- and d-arabinose, d-ribose, d-sorbitol, xylitol, xylobiose, d-mannitol, d-galacturonic acid and methyl-α-d-glucopyranoside and heterooligofructans with degree of polymerization up to 5 were detected. The ability of d-sorbitol, xylobiose, d-galacturonic acid, d-mannitol, xylitol and methyl-α-d-glucopyranoside to serve as fructosyl acceptors for levansucrases is shown for the first time. Expectedly, site-directed mutagenesis of His321 in Lsc3 to Arg, Lys, Leu and Ser resulted in proteins with decreased catalytic activity, affinity for sucrose and polymerizing ability. Random mutagenesis yielded a Lsc3 mutant Thr302Pro with reduced synthesis of levan and long-chain FOS. Thr302 is located in conserved DQTERP region of levansucrases adjacent to predicted acid-base catalyst Glu303. Thr302 and His321 are predicted to belong to +1 subsite of the substrate binding region of Lsc3.

► Levansucrases of pseudomonads transfructosylate many nonconventional acceptor sugars. ► Transfructosylation yields heterooligofructans with degree of polymerization up to 5. ► His321 and Thr302 are polymerization determinants of Lsc3 protein of P. syringae. ► LscA and Lsc3 have similar properties, but different activity and products pattern. ► Chip-based nanoESI MS allows rapid detection and specification of heterooligofructans.

Keywords
CID, collision-induced dissociation; DP, degree of polymerization; FOS, fructooligosaccharides; HOF, heterooligofructans; m/z, mass to charge ratio; nanoESI HCT MS, nanoelectrospray ionization high-capacity ion trap mass spectrometry; Mw, molecular weight
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Levansucrases from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato and P. chlororaphis subsp. aurantiaca: Substrate specificity, polymerizing properties and usage of different acceptors for fructosylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 155, Issue 3, 20 September 2011, Pages 338–349
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us