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Molecular weight and thermal properties of polyhydroxyalkanoates produced from fermented sugar molasses by open mixed cultures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24162 43502 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Molecular weight and thermal properties of polyhydroxyalkanoates produced from fermented sugar molasses by open mixed cultures
Abstract

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) produced from fermented molasses and synthetic feeds containing single volatile fatty acids (VFAs) by an open mixed culture enriched in glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs) were characterized with regards to molecular weight and thermal properties. The polymer contained five types of monomers, namely 3-hydroxybutyrate, 3-hydroxy-2-methylbutyrate, 3-hydroxyvalerate, 3-hydroxy-2-methylvalerate and 3-hydroxyhexanoate in different ratios depending on the VFA composition of the substrate. Polymers produced from fermented molasses had weight average molecular weights (Mw) in the range (3.5–4.3) × 105 g/mol and polydispersity indexes (PDI) of 1.8–2.1 while polymers produced from synthetic VFAs had Mw of (4.5–9.0) × 105 g/mol and PDI of 1.7–3.9. Thermal properties such as glass transition temperature (−14 °C to 4.8 °C), melting temperature (89–174 °C) and melting enthalpy (0–82.1 J/g) were controlled in broad ranges by the monomer composition. The decomposition temperatures of the polymers produced were between 277.2 °C and 294.9 °C, and independent of monomer composition and molecular weight.

Keywords
Polyhydroxyalkanoates; Mixed culture; Glycogen accumulating organisms (GAO); Molecular weight; Thermal properties
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Molecular weight and thermal properties of polyhydroxyalkanoates produced from fermented sugar molasses by open mixed cultures
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 147, Issues 3–4, June 2010, Pages 172–179
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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