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Candidate bone-tissue-engineered product based on human-bone-derived cells and polyurethane scaffold ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2423 112 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
Candidate bone-tissue-engineered product based on human-bone-derived cells and polyurethane scaffold ☆
Abstract

Biodegradable polyurethanes (PURs) have recently been investigated as candidate materials for bone regenerative medicine. There are promising reports documenting the biocompatibility of selected PURs in vivo and the tolerance of certain cells toward PURs in vitro – potentially to be used as scaffolds for tissue-engineered products (TEPs). The aim of the present study was to take a step forward and create a TEP using human osteogenic cells and a polyurethane scaffold, and to evaluate the quality of the obtained TEP in vivo. Human-bone-derived cells (HBDCs) were seeded and cultured on polyurethane scaffolds in a bioreactor for 14 days. The TEP examination in vitro was based on the evaluation of cell number, cell phenotype and cell distribution within the scaffold. TEPs and control samples (scaffolds without cells) were implanted subcutaneously into SCID mice for 4 and 13 weeks. Explants harvested from the animals were examined using histological and immunohistochemical methods. They were also tested in mechanical trials. It was found that dynamic conditions for cell seeding and culture enable homogeneous distribution, maintaining the proliferative potential and osteogenic phenotype of the HBDCs cultured on polyurethane scaffolds. It was also found that HBDCs implanted as a component of TEP survived and kept their ability to produce the specific human bone extracellular matrix, which resulted in higher mechanical properties of the harvested explants when preseeded with HBDCs. The whole system, including the investigated PUR scaffold and the method of human cell seeding and culture, is recommended as a candidate bone TEP.

Keywords
Bone tissue engineering; Tissue-engineered product; Human primary osteoblasts; Polyurethane scaffolds; Bioreactor
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Candidate bone-tissue-engineered product based on human-bone-derived cells and polyurethane scaffold ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2010, Pages 2484–2493
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us