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Combinatorial expression of bacterial whole mevalonate pathway for the production of β-carotene in E. coli

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24248 43507 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Combinatorial expression of bacterial whole mevalonate pathway for the production of β-carotene in E. coli
Abstract

The increased synthesis of building blocks of IPP (isopentenyl diphosphate) and DMAPP (dimethylallyl diphosphate) through metabolic engineering is a way to enhance the production of carotenoids. Using E. coli as a host, IPP and DMAPP supply can be increased significantly through the introduction of foreign MVA (mevalonate) pathway into it. The MVA pathway is split into two parts with the top and bottom portions supplying mevalonate from acetyl-CoA, and IPP and DMAPP from mevalonate, respectively. The bottom portions of MVA pathway from Streptococcus pneumonia, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were compared with exogenous mevalonate supplementation for β-carotene production in recombinant Escherichia coli harboring β-carotene synthesis genes. The E. coli harboring the bottom MVA pathway of S. pneumoniae produced the highest amount of β-carotene. The top portions of MVA pathway were also compared and the top MVA pathway of E. faecalis was found out to be the most efficient for mevalonate production in E. coli. The whole MVA pathway was constructed by combining the bottom and top portions of MVA pathway of S. pneumoniae and E. faecalis, respectively. The recombinant E. coli harboring the whole MVA pathway and β-carotene synthesis genes produced high amount of β-carotene even without exogenous mevalonate supplementation. When comparing various E. coli strains – MG1655, DH5α, S17-1, XL1-Blue and BL21 – the DH5α was found to be the best β-carotene producer. Using glycerol as the carbon source for β-carotene production was found to be superior to glucose, galactose, xylose and maltose. The recombinant E. coli DH5α harboring the whole MVA pathway and β-carotene synthesis genes produced β-carotene of 465 mg/L at glycerol concentration of 2% (w/v).

Keywords
MVA pathway; β-Carotene; IPP; E. coli; Metabolic engineering
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Combinatorial expression of bacterial whole mevalonate pathway for the production of β-carotene in E. coli
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 140, Issues 3–4, 25 March 2009, Pages 218–226
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us