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Engineered dermal equivalent tissue in vitro by assembly of microtissue precursors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2431 112 2010 6 PDF Available
Title
Engineered dermal equivalent tissue in vitro by assembly of microtissue precursors
Abstract

Tissue-engineered constructs can be fabricated by the assembly of smaller building blocks in order to mimic much of the native biology that is often made from repeating functional units. Our aim was to realize a three-dimensional (3-D) tissue-like construct in vitro by inducing the assembly of functional micrometric tissue precursors (μTPs). μTPs were obtained by dynamic cell seeding of bovine fibroblasts on porous gelatine microcarriers using a spinner flask bioreactor. During the dynamic seeding, cells adhered, proliferated and synthesized a thin layer of extracellular matrix (ECM) in and around the macroporous beads, generating the μTPs. The analysis showed that the ECM produced was rich in type I collagen. The cells and ECM layer around the μTPs allowed their biological sintering via cell–cell and cell–matrix interaction after only a few days of dynamic seeding. The assembling ability of μTPs was exploited by placing them in a maturation chamber. After 1 week of culture disc-shaped constructs (1 cm in diameter, 1 mm in thickness) of completely assembled μTPs were collected. The biohybrid obtained presented both a homogeneous and compact aspect. Moreover, histological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed an abundant ECM, rich in type I collagen, interconnecting the μTPs. The results obtained in this survey pave the way to realizing a 3-D dermal tissue equivalent by means of a bottom-up tissue engineering approach.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Microcarriers; Bio-fabrication; Dermis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2010, Pages 2548–2553
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us