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A novel concept for scaffold-free vessel tissue engineering: Self-assembly of microtissue building blocks

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24364 43509 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
A novel concept for scaffold-free vessel tissue engineering: Self-assembly of microtissue building blocks
Abstract

Current scientific attempts to generate in vitro tissue-engineered living blood vessels (TEBVs) show substantial limitations, thereby preventing routine clinical use. In the present report, we describe a novel biotechnology concept to create living small diameter TEBV based exclusively on microtissue self-assembly (living cellular re-aggregates). A novel bioreactor was designed to assemble microtissues in a vascular shape and apply pulsatile flow and circumferential mechanical stimulation. Microtissues composed of human artery-derived fibroblasts (HAFs) and endothelial cells (HUVECs) were accumulated and cultured for 7 and 14 days under pulsatile flow/mechanical stimulation or static culture conditions with a diameter of 3 mm and a wall thickness of 1 mm. The resulting vessels were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell phenotype (von Willebrand factor, α-SMA, Ki67, VEGF). Self-assembled microtissues composed of fibroblasts displayed significantly accelerated ECM formation compared to monolayer cell sheets. Accumulation of vessel-like tissue occurred within 14 days under both, static and flow/mechanical stimulation conditions. A layered tissue formation was observed only in the dynamic group, as indicated by luminal aligned α-SMA positive fibroblasts. We could demonstrate that self-assembled cell-based microtissues can be used to generate small diameter TEBV. The significant enhancement of ECM expression and maturation, together with the pre-vascularization capacity makes this approach highly attractive in terms of generating functional small diameter TEBV devoid of any foreign material.

Keywords
Vascular grafts; Extracellular matrix; Gene expression analysis; Regenerative medicine; Biomedical engineering; 3D cell culture technology; Mechanical strain bioreactor
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A novel concept for scaffold-free vessel tissue engineering: Self-assembly of microtissue building blocks
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 148, Issue 1, 1 July 2010, Pages 46–55
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us