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Influence of hydroxyl groups on the biological properties of cationic polymethacrylates as gene vectors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2443 112 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Influence of hydroxyl groups on the biological properties of cationic polymethacrylates as gene vectors
Abstract

In this study poly(aminoethyl methacrylate) (PAEMA), poly(3-amino-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) (PAHPMA), poly(2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PAEAEMA) and poly(3-(2-aminoethylamino) 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) (PAEAHPMA) were synthesized using atom transfer radical polymerization to evaluate the effect of hydroxyl groups on the relative properties of cationic polymeric gene vectors. The results of heparin displacement assays showed that PAHPMA possessed a stronger binding capacity than PAEMA. PAHPMA/DNA complexes and PAEAHPMA/DNA complexes had lower zeta potentials than those of PAEMA and PAEAEMA. MTT assay results indicated that PAHPMA and PAEAHPMA exhibited obviously lower cytotoxicities than PAEMA and PAEAEMA. Subsequently, in vitro gene transfection studies in 293T cells without serum showed that PAHPMA exhibited a lower transfection efficiency than PAEMA and PAEAHPMA/DNA complexes possessed a similar transfection efficiency to PAEAEMA/DNA complexes. Moreover, PAHPMA and PAEAHPMA retained similar transfection efficiencies in DMEM with 10% serum, but PAEMA and PAEAEMA showed slightly lower transfection efficiencies than in the absence of serum. The reason for these phenomena might be attributed to the introduction of hydroxyl groups into PAHPMA and PAEAHPMA, i.e. the existence of hydroxyl groups might increase the binding capacity to DNA and at the same time decrease the surface charge of the polymer/DNA complexes due to the formation of hydrogen bonds between the polymers and DNA. Therefore, a lower zeta potential and stronger binding ability may result in a lower gene transfection efficiency. This effect of hydroxyl groups decreased with increasing amino group density on the polymer.

Keywords
Cationic polymers; Gene delivery; Hydroxyl; Atom transfer radical polymerization
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Influence of hydroxyl groups on the biological properties of cationic polymethacrylates as gene vectors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2010, Pages 2658–2665
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us