Synthesis and properties of hydroxyapatite-containing porous titania coating on ultrafine-grained titanium by micro-arc oxidation
Equal channel angular pressing results in ultrafine-grained (∼200–500 nm) Ti with superior mechanical properties without harmful alloying elements, which benefits medical implants. To further improve the bioactivity of Ti surfaces, Ca/P-containing porous titania coatings were prepared on ultrafine-grained and coarse-grained Ti by micro-arc oxidation (MAO). The phase identification, composition, morphology and microstructure of the coatings and the thermal stability of ultrafine-grained Ti during MAO were investigated subsequently. The amounts of Ca, P and the Ca/P ratio of the coatings formed on ultrafine-grained Ti were greater than those on coarse-grained Ti. Nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite and α-Ca3(PO4)2 phases appeared in the MAO coating formed on ultrafine-grained Ti for 20 min (E20). Incubated in a simulated body fluid, bone-like apatite was completely formed on the surface of E20 after 2 days, thus evidencing preferable bioactivity. Compared with initial ultrafine-grained Ti, the microhardness of the E20 substrate was reduced by 8% to 2.9 GPa, which is considerably more than that of coarse-grained Ti (∼1.5 GPa).
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2010, Pages 2816–2825