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Analysis of methane potentials of steam-exploded wheat straw and estimation of energy yields of combined ethanol and methane production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24612 43530 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Analysis of methane potentials of steam-exploded wheat straw and estimation of energy yields of combined ethanol and methane production
Abstract

Agrarian biomass as a renewable energy source can contribute to a considerable CO2 reduction. The overriding goal of the European Union is to cut energy consumption related greenhouse gas emission in the EU by 20% until the year 2020. This publication aims at optimising the methane production from steam-exploded wheat straw and presents a theoretical estimation of the ethanol and methane potential of straw.For this purpose, wheat straw was pretreated by steam explosion using different time/temperature combinations. Specific methane yields were analyzed according to VDI 4630. Pretreatment of wheat straw by steam explosion significantly increased the methane yield from anaerobic digestion by up to 20% or a maximum of 331 lN kg−1 VS compared to untreated wheat straw. Furthermore, the residual anaerobic digestion potential of methane after ethanol fermentation was determined by enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated wheat straw using cellulase. Based on the resulting glucose concentration the ethanol yield and the residual sugar available for methane production were calculated. The theoretical maximum ethanol yield of wheat straw was estimated to be 0.249 kg kg−1 dry matter. The achievable maximum ethanol yield per kg wheat straw dry matter pretreated by steam explosion and enzymatic hydrolysis was estimated to be 0.200 kg under pretreatment conditions of 200 °C and 10 min corresponding to 80% of the theoretical maximum. The residual methane yield from straw stillage was estimated to be 183 lN kg−1 wheat straw dry matter. Based on the presented experimental data, a concept is proposed that processes wheat straw for ethanol and methane production.The concept of an energy supply system that provides more than two forms of energy is met by (1) upgrading obtained ethanol to fuel-grade quality and providing methane to CHP plants for the production of (2) electric energy and (3) utility steam that in turn can be used to operate distillation columns in the ethanol production process.

Keywords
Biogas; Methane; Ethanol; Steam explosion
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Analysis of methane potentials of steam-exploded wheat straw and estimation of energy yields of combined ethanol and methane production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 142, Issue 1, 1 June 2009, Pages 50–55
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us