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Disruption of the NADPH-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase affects the morphology of two industrial strains of Penicillium chrysogenum

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24739 43534 2009 3 PDF Available
Title
Disruption of the NADPH-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase affects the morphology of two industrial strains of Penicillium chrysogenum
Abstract

New morphological aspects of Penicillium chrysogenum were found during physiological characterisation of two NADPH-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase mutant strains. A morphological characterisation of the previously constructed strains, together with the two β-lactam producing industrial recipient strains, was conducted. The reference strains showed a compact structure with highly branched hyphal elements whereas the morphology of the ΔgdhA strains consisting of long elongated hyphal elements with few branches. On solid medium, the hyphal growth unit (length) increased from an average of 47 μm tip−1 in the reference strains to 117 μm tip−1 in the ΔgdhA strains and in submerged cultures a decrease of 18% in branching frequency was measured due to the gdhA deletion. P. chrysogenum Wis 54-1255, the ancestor of most production strains was also characterised and this strain showed morphology similar to the industrial strains. Interestingly, the constructed strains showed morphology similar to wild type Aspergillus nidulans another species carrying the penicillin biosynthetic cluster. Thus, the results showed that elimination of glutamate dehydrogenase activity in high producing strains of P. chrysogenum has a radical impact on morphology.

Keywords
Glutamate dehydrogenase; Penicillium chrysogenum; Aspergillus nidulans; Morphology; Hyphal branching frequency; β-Lactam production
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Disruption of the NADPH-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase affects the morphology of two industrial strains of Penicillium chrysogenum
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 139, Issue 4, 23 February 2009, Pages 280–282
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us