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Optimal selection of organic solvents for biocompatible extraction of β-carotene from Dunaliella salina

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
24963 43549 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Optimal selection of organic solvents for biocompatible extraction of β-carotene from Dunaliella salina
Abstract

In the aim of β-carotene biocompatible extraction, toxicity of various pure solvents belonging to different homologous series has been investigated for Dunaliella salina. The results showed that solvents having log Poct > 5 or having a molecular weight over 150 g/mol can be considered biocompatible for this microalga. The membrane critical solvent concentration for each series of solvents has been calculated applying Osborne's model, showing that the aliphatic chlorinated hydrocarbon is the most toxic family studied. Mixtures of a biocompatible solvent (decane) with a toxic solvent (CH2Cl2, MEK, MTBE) have been studied. The β-carotene extraction ability of CH2Cl2-decane mixture was found six times more efficient than with pure decane. It has been demonstrated that the extraction ability of solvent depends on its affinity with the product extracted and on its concentration incorporated in the cellular membrane.

Keywords
β-Carotene; Dunaliella salina; Biphasic systems extraction; Mixed solvents
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Optimal selection of organic solvents for biocompatible extraction of β-carotene from Dunaliella salina
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 133, Issue 4, 29 February 2008, Pages 433–441
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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