An efficient method for protein phosphorylation using the artificially introduced of cognate-binding modules into kinases and substrates
Protein phosphorylation is a major post-translational modification that regulates cellular signal transduction. The phosphorylation of substrate proteins by kinases requires cognate pairs of substrates and kinases. In addition, phosphorylation is mediated through both indirect and direct interaction between these kinases and substrates, which makes it difficult to effectively prepare large quantities of recombinant phosphorylated proteins. Here, we report a novel protein phosphorylation method involving the artificial introduction of cognate-binding modules into substrates and enzymes. This enhances the local concentration of substrates around enzymes so that the enzymatic reaction proceeds more efficiently. We prepared substrate proteins containing an SH3 domain at their N-terminus, and a kinase containing an SH3-binding motif at its C-terminus. This method was successfully applied to the phosphorylation of CrkII and the Vav DH domain, and we prepared 15N-labelled phosphorylated CrkII for NMR analysis.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 131, Issue 4, 30 September 2007, Pages 458–465