fulltext.study @t Gmail

Flexible and elastic porous poly(trimethylene carbonate) structures for use in vascular tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2501 114 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Flexible and elastic porous poly(trimethylene carbonate) structures for use in vascular tissue engineering
Abstract

Biocompatible and elastic porous tubular structures based on poly(1,3-trimethylene carbonate), PTMC, were developed as scaffolds for tissue engineering of small-diameter blood vessels. High-molecular-weight PTMC (Mn = 4.37 × 105) was cross-linked by gamma-irradiation in an inert nitrogen atmosphere. The resulting networks (50–70% gel content) were elastic and creep resistant. The PTMC materials were highly biocompatible as determined by cell adhesion and proliferation studies using various relevant cell types (human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)). Dimensionally stable tubular scaffolds with an interconnected pore network were prepared by particulate leaching. Different cross-linked porous PTMC specimens with average pore sizes ranging between 55 and 116 μm, and porosities ranging from 59% to 83% were prepared. These scaffolds were highly compliant and flexible, with high elongations at break. Furthermore, their resistance to creep was excellent and under cyclic loading conditions (20 deformation cycles to 30% elongation) no permanent deformation occurred. Seeding of SMCs into the wall of the tubular structures was done by carefully perfusing cell suspensions with syringes from the lumen through the wall. The cells were then cultured for 7 days. Upon proliferation of the SMCs, the formed blood vessel constructs had excellent mechanical properties. Their radial tensile strengths had increased from 0.23 to 0.78 MPa, which is close to those of natural blood vessels.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Blood vessels; Tubular scaffolds; Cross-linked PTMC
First Page Preview
Flexible and elastic porous poly(trimethylene carbonate) structures for use in vascular tissue engineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages 1269–1277
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us