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Response of fluxome and metabolome to temperature-induced recombinant protein synthesis in Escherichia coli

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25011 43552 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
Response of fluxome and metabolome to temperature-induced recombinant protein synthesis in Escherichia coli
Abstract

The response of the central carbon metabolism of Escherichia coli to temperature-induced recombinant production of human fibroblast growth factor was studied on the level of metabolic fluxes and intracellular metabolite levels. During production, E. coli TG1:pλFGFB, carrying a plasmid encoded gene for the recombinant product, revealed stress related characteristics such as decreased growth rate and biomass yield and enhanced by-product excretion (acetate, pyruvate, lactate). With the onset of production, the adenylate energy charge dropped from 0.85 to 0.60, indicating the occurrence of a severe energy limitation. This triggered an increase of the glycolytic flux which, however, was not sufficient to compensate for the increased ATP demand. The activation of the glycolytic flux was also indicated by the readjustment of glycolytic pool sizes leading to an increased driving force for the reaction catalyzed by phosphofructokinase. Moreover, fluxes through the TCA cycle, into the pentose phosphate pathway and into anabolic pathways decreased significantly. The strong increase of flux into overflow pathways, especially towards acetate was most likely caused by a flux redirection from pyruvate dehydrogenase to pyruvate oxidase. The glyoxylate shunt, not active during growth, was the dominating anaplerotic pathway during production. Together with pyruvate oxidase and acetyl CoA synthase this pathway could function as a metabolic by-pass to overcome the limitation in the junction between glycolysis and TCA cycle and partly recycle the acetate formed back into the metabolism.

Keywords
Human basic fibroblast growth factor; Adenylate energy charge; Cellular stress; 13C metabolic flux
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Response of fluxome and metabolome to temperature-induced recombinant protein synthesis in Escherichia coli
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 132, Issue 4, 1 December 2007, Pages 375–384
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us