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Properties of a chimeric glucose dehydrogenase improved by site directed mutagenesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25163 43556 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Properties of a chimeric glucose dehydrogenase improved by site directed mutagenesis
Abstract

Glucose dehydrogenase, a membrane bound enzyme oxidizing glucose to gluconic acid in the periplasmic space of Gram-negative bacteria plays a key role in mineral phosphate solubilization and is also an industrially important enzyme, being used as a glucose biosensor. A chimeric glucose dehydrogenase (ES chimera) encoding the N-terminal transmembrane domain from Escherichia coli and the C-terminal periplasmic domain from Serratia marcescens was constructed and the expression was studied on MacConkey glucose medium. The phosphate solubilizing ability of the chimeric GDH was also evaluated, substantiating the role of GDH in mineral phosphate solubilization (MPS). Four mutants of ES chimeric GDH were generated by site directed mutagenesis and the enzyme properties studied. Though the substrate affinity was unaltered for E742K and Y771M, the affinity of H775A and EYH/KMA to glucose and galactose decreased marginally and the affinity to maltose increased. Though Y771M showed a decreased GDH activity there was an increase in the heat tolerance. All the mutants showed an increase in the EDTA tolerance. The triple mutant EYH/KMA showed improved heat and EDTA tolerance and also an increase in affinity to maltose over the ES chimeric GDH.

Keywords
Glucose dehydrogenase; Escherichia coli; S. marcescens GPS-5; Mineral phosphate solubilization; Site-directed mutagenesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 131, Issue 2, 31 August 2007, Pages 197–204
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us