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Effect of chitosan scaffold microstructure on mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2519 114 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of chitosan scaffold microstructure on mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis
Abstract

Although numerous biomaterials have been investigated as scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering, the effect of their microstructure on final construct characteristics remains unclear. The biocompatibility of chitosan and its similarity with glycosaminoglycans make it attractive as a scaffold for cartilage engineering. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of chitosan scaffold structure on mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and chondrogenesis. Chitosan fibrous scaffolds and chitosan sponges were seeded with mesenchymal stem cells in a chondrogenic medium. Constructs were analyzed 72 h after seeding via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), weight measurements and DNA quantification. Constructs were cultured for 10 or 21 days prior to confocal microscopy, SEM, histology, quantitative analysis (weight, DNA and glycosaminoglycan (GAG)), and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Mesenchymal stem cells maintained a viability above 90% on all chitosan scaffolds. The cell numbers in the constructs were similar at 72 h, 10 days and 21 days. However, matrix production was improved in chitosan fibrous constructs based on the GAG quantification and collagen II mRNA expression. Chondrogenesis on chitosan scaffolds is superior on microfibers compared to macroporous sponges.

Keywords
Chitosan; Mesenchymal stem cell; Chondrogenesis; Scaffold structure; Cartilage engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages 1430–1436
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us