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Carbonated apatites obtained by the hydrolysis of monetite: Influence of carbonate content on adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2535 114 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Carbonated apatites obtained by the hydrolysis of monetite: Influence of carbonate content on adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells
Abstract

The influence of the carbonate content in apatites on the adhesion and the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells was investigated. B-type carbonated apatites (DCAps) were prepared by the hydrolysis of monetite (CaHPO4, DCP) in solutions with a carbonate concentration ranging from 0.001 to 0.075 mol l−1. Stoichiometric hydroxyapatite (DCAp0) was synthesized in carbonate-free solution. MC3T3-E1 cells were seeded on the compacted DCAps and cell adhesion and proliferation were analysed after 24 h and 7 days, respectively, using a MTS assay and fluorescence microscopy. Cell adhesion tends to increase with increasing carbonate content for carbonate contents between 0 and 6.9 wt.% and levels out to an acceptable value (±50% compared to the control) for carbonate contents between 6.9 and 16.1 wt.%. Only DCAps with a carbonate content equal to or higher than 11% support high cell proliferation comparable to the control. On the latter DCAps, the cells have a spread morphology and form a near-confluent layer. A decrease in charge density and crystallinity at the apatite surface, as well as the formation of more spheroidal crystals with increasing carbonate content, might attribute to changes in composition and three-dimensional structure of the protein adsorption layer and hence to the observed cell behaviour. Consequently, only DCAps with a high carbonate content, mimicking early in vivo mineralization, are possible candidates for bone regeneration.

Keywords
Carbonated apatite; Osteoblast; Cell adhesion; Cell proliferation; Biomineralization
First Page Preview
Carbonated apatites obtained by the hydrolysis of monetite: Influence of carbonate content on adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages 1561–1568
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering