Stable inhibition of hepatitis B virus expression and replication in HepG2.2.15 cells by RNA interference based on retrovirus delivery
RNA interference (RNAi) of virus-specific genes has emerged as a potential antiviral strategy. In order to suppress hepatitis B virus (HBV) expression and replication, a retrovirus-based RNAi system was developed, which utilized the U6-RNA polymerase III (Pol III) promoter to drive efficient expression and deliver the HBV-specific short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) in HepG2.2.15 (2215) cells. In this system, the retrovirus vector with a puromycin selection marker was integrated into the host cell genome and allowed stable expression of shRNAs. In Puro-resistant 2215 cells, the levels of both HBV protein and mRNA were dramatically reduced by over 88% and HBV replication was suppressed. The results demonstrated that retrovirus-based RNAi technology will have foreseeable applications both in experimental biology and molecular medicine.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 128, Issue 1, 30 January 2007, Pages 32–40