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Minute changes in composition of polymer substrates produce amplified differences in cell adhesion and motility via optimal ligand conditioning

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2549 115 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Minute changes in composition of polymer substrates produce amplified differences in cell adhesion and motility via optimal ligand conditioning
Abstract

We explored the interplay between substratum chemistry of polymeric materials and surface-adsorbed ligand concentration (human plasma fibronectin) in the control of cell adhesion and cell motility. We found that small changes in the chemical composition of a polymeric substratum had different effects on cellular motility—depending on the concentration of preadsorbed fibronectin. We used two tyrosine-derived polyarylates, poly(DTD diglycolate) and poly(DTD glutarate), as substrata for the seeding of NIH-3T3 fibroblasts. The only compositional difference between the two test polymers was that one single oxygen atom in the polymer backbone of poly(DTD diglycolate) had been substituted by a methylene group in the backbone of poly(DTD glutarate), The two polymers had closely matched hydrophobicity and physical properties. Flat, spin-coated surfaces of these polymers were pretreated with different concentrations of human plasma fibronectin (0–20 μg/ml). After seeding with NIH-3T3 fibroblasts, we examined the adhesion and motility behavior of these cells. We found that NIH-3T3 fibroblasts migrated significantly faster on poly(DTD diglycolate), but only when the polymer surfaces were pretreated with intermediate concentrations of fibronectin. Only at these intermediate levels of ligand conditioning, did the presence of an extra oxygen atom in the backbone of poly(DTD diglycolate) relative to poly(DTD glutarate) (i) alter the overall organization/concentration of the fibronectin; (ii) weaken cell attachment strength and inhibited excessive cell spreading; and (iii) promote cell motility kinetics. These findings indicate that the biological effect of minute changes in substratum chemistry is critically dependent on the level of surface-adsorbed cell-binding ligands.

Keywords
Polyarylates; Surface chemistry; Fibronectin; Cell adhesion; Cell migration
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Minute changes in composition of polymer substrates produce amplified differences in cell adhesion and motility via optimal ligand conditioning
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2006, Pages 473–482
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us