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Effects of water-miscible solvents and polyhydroxy compounds on the structure and enzymatic activity of thermolysin

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25558 43581 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Effects of water-miscible solvents and polyhydroxy compounds on the structure and enzymatic activity of thermolysin
Abstract

The effect of organic solvents (n-propanol, isopropanol, dimethylformamide and dimethylsulfoxide) on the structure, activity and stability of thermolysin was the focus of this investigation. Results show the ability of the solvents to cause mixed inhibition of thermolysin, which was indicated by kinetic and structural studies (near-UV CD spectra and intrinsic fluorescence). Inhibitory effect of the solvents increased with increments in solvents log P. Thermoinactivation of thermolysin was studied at 80 °C in 50% of solvents and showed that with the increase in solvent hydrophobicity, thermal stability of the enzyme decreased. For the stabilization of thermolysin at high temperature, additives such as glycerol, sorbitol and trehalose were employed. In the presence of DMF with a relatively low log P, trehalose was shown to be a good stabilizer, whereas glycerol had a marked stabilization effect in the presence of n-propanol and isopropanol with a relatively high log P. Consequently, it was concluded that the stabilizing effect of additives can be correlated with the log P of solvents.

Keywords
TLN, thermolysin; DMSO, dimethyl sulfoxide; DMF, dimethyl formamideThermolysin; Organic solvents; Mixed inhibition; log P; Stabilization; Additives
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Effects of water-miscible solvents and polyhydroxy compounds on the structure and enzymatic activity of thermolysin
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 127, Issue 1, 15 December 2006, Pages 45–53
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us