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Novel injectable calcium phosphate/chitosan composites for bone substitute materials

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2558 115 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Novel injectable calcium phosphate/chitosan composites for bone substitute materials
Abstract

In this study, a novel injectable bone substitute material was developed which consists of chitosan, citric acid and glucose solution as the liquid phase, and tricalcium phosphate powder as the solid phase. This material was moldable because of its paste consistency after mixing. We used four groups of cement to investigate the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of the new biomaterial in vitro, which were named group A (10% citric acid), B (15% citric acid), C (20% citric acid) and D (25% citric acid). The setting times of the cements were 5–30 min. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the products were hydroxyapatite (HA) and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous. When the concentration of citric acid was increased, the compressive strength of specimen increased. Through the simulated body fluid test, we observed the material was bioactive. Group D could induce Ca and P ions to deposit the surface group D quickly. These results indicated that the concentration of citric acid in the liquid component affected the mechanical properties and bioactivity of cements. The cell cultivation test showed that the cytocompatibility of the new biomaterial was good. The method for preparing the novel bone substitute material is simple. The starting material is more readily available and cheaper than HA, poly(methyl methacrylate), and so on. The cement could have good prospects for medical application.

Keywords
Calcium phosphate; Chitosan; Citric acid; Bone substitute material; Bioactivity
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Novel injectable calcium phosphate/chitosan composites for bone substitute materials
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2006, Pages 557–565
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us