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Comparative analysis of the outdoor culture of Haematococcus pluvialis in tubular and bubble column photobioreactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25608 43584 2006 14 PDF Available
Title
Comparative analysis of the outdoor culture of Haematococcus pluvialis in tubular and bubble column photobioreactors
Abstract

The present paper makes a comparative analysis of the outdoor culture of H. pluvialis in a tubular photobioreactor and a bubble column. Both reactors had the same volume and were operated in the same way, thus allowing the influence of the reactor design to be analyzed. Due to the large changes in cell morphology and biochemical composition of H. pluvialis during outdoor culture, a new, faster methodology has been developed for their evaluation. Characterisation of the cultures is carried out on a macroscopic scale using a colorimetric method that allows the simultaneous determination of biomass concentration, and the chlorophyll, carotenoid and astaxanthin content of the biomass. On the microscopic scale, a method was developed based on the computer analysis of digital microscopic images. This method allows the quantification of cell population, average cell size and population homogeneity. The accuracy of the methods was verified during the operation of outdoor photobioreactors on a pilot plant scale. Data from the reactors showed tubular reactors to be more suitable for the production of H. pluvialis biomass and/or astaxanthin, due to their higher light availability. In the tubular photobioreactor biomass concentrations of 7.0 g/L (d.wt.) were reached after 16 days, with an overall biomass productivity of 0.41 g/L day. In the bubble column photobioreactor, on the other hand, the maximum biomass concentration reached was 1.4 g/L, with an overall biomass productivity of 0.06 g/L day. The maximum daily biomass productivity, 0.55 g/L day, was reached in the tubular photobioreactor for an average irradiance inside the culture of 130 μE/m2s. In addition, the carotenoid content of biomass from tubular photobioreactor increased up to 2.0% d.wt., whereas that of the biomass from the bubble column remained roughly constant at values of 0.5% d.wt. It should be noted that in the tubular photobioreactor under conditions of nitrate saturation, there was an accumulation of carotenoids due to the high irradiance in this reactor, their content in the biomass increasing from 0.5 to 1.0% d.wt. However, carotenoid accumulation mainly took place when nitrate concentration in the medium was below 5.0 mM, conditions which were only observed in the tubular photobioreactor. A similar behaviour was observed for astaxanthin, with maximum values of 1.1 and 0.2% d.wt. measured in the tubular and bubble column photobioreactors, respectively. From these data astaxanthin productivities of 4.4 and 0.12 mg/L day were calculated for the tubular and the bubble column photobioreactors. Accumulation of carotenoids was also accompanied by an increase in cell size from 20 to 35 μm, which was only observed in the tubular photobioreactors. Thus it may be concluded that the methodology developed in the present study allows the monitoring of H. pluvialis cultures characterized by fast variations of cell morphology and biochemical composition, especially in outdoor conditions, and that tubular photobioreactors are preferable to bubble columns for the production of biomass and/or astaxanthin.

Keywords
Haematococcus; Photobioreactors; Astaxanthin; Digital image; Colorimeter; Outdoor
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Comparative analysis of the outdoor culture of Haematococcus pluvialis in tubular and bubble column photobioreactors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 123, Issue 3, 29 May 2006, Pages 329–342
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us