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Start-up of the Anammox process in a membrane bioreactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25618 43585 2006 13 PDF Available
Title
Start-up of the Anammox process in a membrane bioreactor
Abstract

The start-up of an Anammox process was studied in a membrane sequencing batch reactor (MSBR) in which a submerged hollow fibre membrane module was used to retain the biomass. The reactor was seed with Anammox biomass and fed using the Van de Graaf medium. During a first operating stage, salt precipitation was observed and interfered with microbial activity and caused a decrease of the nitrogen removal rate of the reactor from 100 to only 10 mg l−1 per day. Salt precipitation was avoided by diminishing adequately the Ca and P concentrations of the Van de Graaf medium during the last operating stage. This action increased quickly the activity of the system, and nitrogen removal rate reached up to 710 mg l−1 per day with almost full nitrite removal. Sporadic flotation of the sludge was observed in the MSBR. The use of the membrane avoided biomass wash-out from the system. Moreover, a surprising fact was that Anammox biomass did not grow in flocs in the MSBR, but in granules. This fact showed that this kind of microorganisms have a trend to grow in aggregates. Results indicated that the use of the MSBR could be a suitable system for nitrogen removal by using the Anammox reaction.

Keywords
Anammox; Denitrification; Granule; Membrane; MSBR; Wastewater
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 126, Issue 4, 1 December 2006, Pages 475–487
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us