Purification and characterization of a novel caffeine oxidase from Alcaligenes species
Alcaligenes species CF8 isolated from surface water of a lake produced a novel serine type metallo-caffeine oxidase. The optimal medium for caffeine oxidase production by this strain was (w/v) NaNO3, 0.4%; KH2PO4, 0.15%; Na2HPO4, 0.05%; FeCl3·6H2O, 0.0005%; CaCl2·2H2O, 0.001%; MgSO4·7H2O, 0.02%; glucose, 0.2%; caffeine, 0.05%, pH 7.5. The enzyme was purified to 63-fold by using ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis, ion exchange (diethylaminoethyl-cellulose) and gel filtration (Sephadex G-100) chromatographic techniques. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that the purified caffeine oxidase was monomeric with a molecular mass of 65 kDa. The purified caffeine oxidase with a half-life of 20 min at 50 °C had maximal activity at pH 7.5 and 35 °C. The purified caffeine oxidase had strict substrate specificity towards caffeine (Km 8.94 μM and Vmax 47.62 U mg protein−1) and was not able to oxidize xanthine and hypoxanthine. The enzyme activity was not inhibited by para-chloromercuribenzoic acid, iodoacetamide, n-methylmaleimide, salicylic acid and sodium arsenite indicating the enzyme did not belong to xanthine oxidase family. The enzyme was not affected by Ca+2, Mg+2 and Na+, but was completely inhibited by Co+2, Cu+2 and Mn+2 at 1 mM level. The novel caffeine oxidase isolated here from Alcaligenes species CF8 may be useful in biotechnological processes including waste treatment and biosensor development.
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 125, Issue 3, 18 September 2006, Pages 319–327