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Use of adapted Aspergillus niger in the bioleaching of spent refinery processing catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25793 43601 2006 13 PDF Available
Title
Use of adapted Aspergillus niger in the bioleaching of spent refinery processing catalyst
Abstract

Spent refinery processing catalyst is listed as a hazardous waste; the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) extracts of the catalyst are found to contain heavy metals at concentrations exceeding the regulated levels. In the present investigation, Aspergillus niger was adapted to single metal ions Ni, Mo or Al (at 100–2000 mg/L in steps of 100 mg/L) and then to a mixture of Ni, Mo and Al (at a mass ratio of 1:2:6, as approximately present in the spent catalyst). Adaptation experiments with single metals showed that the fungus could tolerate up to 1000 mg/L Ni, 1200 mg/L Mo and 2000 mg/L Al. In the presence of a mixture of these metals, the fungus was able to tolerate up to 100 mg/L Ni, 200 mg/L Mo and 600 mg/L Al. One-step bioleaching experiments with 1 wt% spent catalyst (of particle size <37 μm) were carried out using un-adapted and various adapted fungal strains. In contrast to the adapted strains, the un-adapted strain showed no growth in the presence of the catalyst. Ni:Mo:Al-adapted strain was the most efficient in the leaching of metals from the catalyst (at 78.5% Ni, 82.3% Mo and 65.2% Al) over 30 days due to its tolerance to the toxic elements at 1 wt%. More importantly, the Ni:Mo:Al-adapted strain was capable of bioleaching up to 3 wt% spent catalyst. The TCLP extracts of the spent catalyst after bioleaching using the Ni:Mo:Al-adapted strain showed the concentrations of Ni and Mo were well within the regulated levels.

Keywords
Bioleaching; Aspergillus niger; Spent catalyst; Hazardous waste
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Use of adapted Aspergillus niger in the bioleaching of spent refinery processing catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Biotechnology - Volume 121, Issue 1, 2 January 2006, Pages 62–74
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us