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Inhibition effect of N,N-diglycidyl-4-glycidyloxy aniline on photosensitized cationic polymerization of formulations involving resorcinol diglycidyl ether and poly(propylene glycol)diglycidyl ether

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25842 43891 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Inhibition effect of N,N-diglycidyl-4-glycidyloxy aniline on photosensitized cationic polymerization of formulations involving resorcinol diglycidyl ether and poly(propylene glycol)diglycidyl ether
Abstract

•Photocuring kinetics of aliphatic and/or aromatic diglycidyl ether were studied.•Influences of photosensitization and subsequent inhibition were investigated.•Reaction kinetics was influenced by absorption energy and diffusional restrictions.•Nitrogen containing monomer as inhibitor resulted in rate controlled reactions.•Activation energy was higher than that reported for cycloaliphatic diepoxides.

Cationic photopolymerization studies of poly(propylene glycol)diglycidyl ether with and without 25 wt% of resorcinol diglycidyl ether were carried out in presence of bis(4-methylphenyl)iodonium hexafluorophosphate as photoinitiator. Analyses were carried out using polychromatic radiation at different temperatures in a photo differential scanning calorimeter. The formulations showed an enhancement in the rate of polymerization on addition of resorcinol diglycidyl ether. The same formulations when subjected to photosensitized polymerization in presence of 1-chloro-4-propoxy-9H-thioxanthen-9-one, showed a reverse behavior in rate due to partial absorption of radiation by resorcinol diglycidyl ether. Studies carried out on by the addition of N,N-diglycidyl-4-glycidyloxy aniline as inhibitor on the photosensitized formulations showed higher scavenging activity by inhibitor. The addition of nitrogen containing epoxy monomer as inhibitor can lead to its possible crosslinking within the matrix on polymerization along with a decrease in rate of polymerization without compromising on the final observed conversion. This effect can occur readily for non vitrifying systems. Thus, this observation provides an insight into its possible usage in a rate controlled photopolymerizable epoxy formulations. The photopolymerization kinetics were found to depend on the nature of generation, propagation and scavenging of active centers which are heavily dependent on diffusional restrictions imparted by in situ viscosity of the system. The kinetic estimations as well as evaluation of autocatalytic kinetic model are investigated.

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Keywords
Kinetics; Photopolymerization; Photosensitization; Inhibition; Glycidyl ether; Kinetic model
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Inhibition effect of N,N-diglycidyl-4-glycidyloxy aniline on photosensitized cationic polymerization of formulations involving resorcinol diglycidyl ether and poly(propylene glycol)diglycidyl ether
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volumes 303–304, 15 April–1 May 2015, Pages 17–27
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us