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Comparison of photoreactions of flutamide in acetonitrile and 2-propanol solvents in the absence of cage-forming compounds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25873 43900 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Comparison of photoreactions of flutamide in acetonitrile and 2-propanol solvents in the absence of cage-forming compounds
Abstract

•The photoreactions of flutamide in two different solvents were investigated.•The nitro–nitrite rearrangement was predominant photoreaction in acetonitrile.•The photoreduction of the nitro group occurred in 2-propanol.•The solvolysis of the trifluoromethyl group was also observed in 2-propanol.

Flutamide(2-methyl-N-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethylphenyl)]propanamide) is a widely used anti-cancer drug. It has been reported that photodermatosis is occasionally induced when an individual taking flutamide is exposed to sunlight. In this study, we found that flutamide undergoes different photoreactions in two different solvents: acetonitrile and 2-propanol. The photo-induced nitro–nitrite rearrangement was the predominant reaction when a flutamide solution in acetonitrile was irradiated with UV light, and phenoxy radicals and nitrogen monoxide were generated. The nitrogen monoxide recombined with the phenoxy radical at the ortho position and was oxidized by the oxygen dissolved in the acetonitrile. The final product was o-nitrophenol derivative. However, the photoreduction of the nitro group followed by solvolysis of the trifluoromethyl group was observed when a flutamide solution in 2-propanol was irradiated with UV light. The three fluorine atoms in the trifluoromethyl group were eliminated by being nucleophilically attacked by a solvent molecule, resulting in an ester bond with 2-propanol being formed.

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Comparison of photoreactions of flutamide in acetonitrile and 2-propanol solvents in the absence of cage-forming compounds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 298, 1 February 2015, Pages 55–61
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us