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One-electron oxidation of molecules with aromatic and thioether functions: Cl2−/Br2− and OH induced oxidation of penicillins studied by pulse radiolysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25967 43925 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
One-electron oxidation of molecules with aromatic and thioether functions: Cl2−/Br2− and OH induced oxidation of penicillins studied by pulse radiolysis
Abstract

•OH/Cl2−/Br2− targets predominantly the sulfur atom.•Intermediates of the one-electron oxidation of the thioether function are observed.•Higher >S(+) concentration is obtained applying Cl2−/Br2− compared to OH.•The higher concentration is due to a stabilized OH-adduct at the sulfur.

Advanced oxidation processes are about to be implemented for the elimination of the residual antibacterial activity of wastewater matrices that has a stimulating effect on the evolution of antibiotic resistance. These techniques apply OH which by scavenging Cl−/Br− yields Cl2−/Br2− in case of brackish or saline waters. The one-electron oxidation mechanism is peculiar in case of penicillins since a competition occurs between the aromatic and thioether moieties for the free radical attack. This competition determines the efficiency of antibacterial inactivation due to the vicinity of the sulfur to the β-lactam pharmacophore. In order to unravel the OH and Cl2−/Br2− induced oxidation mechanism, pulse radiolysis techniques were applied. As a result, reactive intermediates typical of sulfur oxidation were observed. Interestingly, a higher sulfur radical cation concentration was obtained by applying Cl2−/Br2− compared to OH, on account of a unique stabilized intermediate that formed during the OH induced oxidation. The reported mechanism anticipates that scavenging of OH by Cl−/Br− can even have a positive effect on advanced oxidation of organic sulfides.

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Keywords
Hydroxyl radical; Kinetics; Radical reaction; Sulfur oxidation; Time-resolved spectroscopy
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One-electron oxidation of molecules with aromatic and thioether functions: Cl2−/Br2− and OH induced oxidation of penicillins studied by pulse radiolysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 326, 15 July 2016, Pages 50–59
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us