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Estimation of kinetic parameters and UV doses necessary to remove twenty-three pharmaceuticals from pre-treated urban wastewater by UV/H2O2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
25988 43926 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Estimation of kinetic parameters and UV doses necessary to remove twenty-three pharmaceuticals from pre-treated urban wastewater by UV/H2O2
Abstract

•A continuous home-made flow reactor with 25 L of capacity was designed.•Diclofenac and Ketoprofen were degraded with UV doses lower than 100 mJ cm−2.•Acceptable level of metronidazole elimination required high H2O2 dose.•Fourteen of the studied pharmaceuticals needed a UV90 dose lower than 1000 mJ cm−2.•Caffeine and its metabolite paraxanthine were very resistant to be oxidized by HO.

In this work, the effectiveness of UV and UV/H2O2 to degrade twenty-three pharmaceutical compounds present in microfiltered secondary effluent of an urban wastewater treatment plant was investigated. Apparent kinetic constant and UV doses required for effective removal of the studied compounds were calculated using a custom-made photochemical reactor with a capacity of 25 Liters and an irradiance of 15.47 Wm−2. An optimal H2O2 dosage of 20 mg L−1 was determined. Antiinflammatory compounds, such as metamizole, diclofenac and ketoprofen, were mostly removed by photolysis. Caffeine and its metabolite paraxanthine were the compounds which displayed most resistance to oxidization by hydroxyl radicals generated in this process. The apparent kinetic constants and UV doses necessary to remove each pharmaceutical from the treated wastewater were calculated. Ciprofloxacin, diclofenac, ketoprofen and metamizole were degraded with UV doses lower than 100 mJ cm−2. However, UV doses of 2369 and 4318 mJ cm−2 were necessary to reduce caffeine and its metabolite paraxanthine to one tenth of their initial values. The mineralization of organic carbon and absorbance at 254 nm of the recycled water were also monitored. Though no change in dissolved organic carbon concentration was observed after UV/H2O2 treatment, UV absorbance at 254 nm decreased by 43%.

Keywords
UV/H2O2; Pharmaceuticals; Urban wastewater; UV doses
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Estimation of kinetic parameters and UV doses necessary to remove twenty-three pharmaceuticals from pre-treated urban wastewater by UV/H2O2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 329, 1 October 2016, Pages 130–138
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us